Printmaking

 

 

 Method

For the main body of work she uses lino cut printmaking. Lino cuts are a method of relief printing similar to woodcuts. An initial sketch is produced and then transferred to the lino sheet.

Areas of lino are gouged away and ink is applied with a roller. Only the surface of the lino left uncut and in 'relief' will receive the ink when rolled and therefore print. A sheet of paper is applied face down upon the inked block and the ink transferred by rubbing the back of the paper. This transfers the ink from lino to paper and is repeated on the same piece of paper for each successive colour.

The artist as well as thinking back to front (the printed picture is a mirror image of the carved lino) must also think backwards. The initial cutting into the lino is where the artist wants the colour of the paper, usually white, to show through when the first and lightest colour is applied. Each succeeding colour is printed then carved away getting darker each time until the final colour, black, is applied. This is a lengthy process with only one colour being applied per day.

The process is known as elimination or reduction printing. Once an area of colour has been printed it must be carved away to allow it to show through when the next, darker colour is printed over the top This calls for extreme accuracy in laying the same piece of paper on the lino block for each colour. It also means that the artist cannot go back to a previous colour because that part of the lino block has been carved away. Once the print is finished the artist is left with an almost bare piece of lino backing with only those areas that printed the black ink remaining.

An edition, the number in the bottom left of the prints is how many times the artist laid a new sheet of paper on the inked block. The top number is where in that series the particular print came. 2/4 is simply the second new sheet of paper used in a series of four. It does not imply 1st of 2nd in quality.

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Printmaking has historically been a powerful and diverse means of making images by artists. It is "the media of original expression in which the print is the result, and there is no other original, nor could any other medium have given the same expression" S W Hayter, printmaker (1901-1988). The original print is one whih is deliberately conceived as a work of art, using any printmaking media, and in a limited quantity. The artist must be involved with the image and endorse the final prints. Whereas a reproduction is an exact copy of an existing work of art, not conceived as a work of art in its own right and herefore, not an original print.